Date of Award

Fall 12-2016

Degree Type

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Project

Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Committee Chair

Dr. Cathy Hughes

Committee Chair Department

Nursing

Committee Member 2

Dr. Sat Ananda Hayden

Committee Member 2 Department

Nursing

Committee Member 3

Dr. Michong Rayborn

Committee Member 3 Department

Nursing

Abstract

Postoperative delirium (POD) is the most common postoperative complication in the elderly, accounting for approximately $164 billion in costs per year in the United States (Inouye, Westendorp, & Saczynski, 2014, p. 911). This complication occurs in as many as 50% of elderly patients, but can be prevented as much as 40% of the time (Inouye et al., 2014). The use of processed encephalographic monitoring, such as Bispectral Index (BIS) monitoring, to guide anesthetic dosage is the single intraoperative intervention with enough evidence to support it as a recommendation for use to reduce POD (American Geriatrics Society, 2015). There were two parts to this project. The goal of part 1 was to evaluate recent trends in BIS monitor use for patients 65 years of age or older through retrospective chart review. The goal of part 2 was to conduct a voluntary survey to assess anesthesia provider’s knowledge of current recommendations, opinions, barriers to use, and if there are plans for practice change related to BIS monitor use. Data collected during part 1 demonstrated the odds ratio of BIS use in this sample overall 0.078, indicating that the likelihood of BIS being used in this sample was 12.8 times lower than BIS not being used (n=281, p=

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