3D Directional Temperature Responsive (N-(DL)-(1-Hydroxymethyl) Propylmethacrylamide-co-n-butyl acrylate) Colloids and their Coalescence
Polymer Science and Engineering
A new family of colloidal dispersions containing N-(dl)-(1-hydroxymethyl) propylmethacrylamide (dl-HMPMA) and n-butyl acrylate (nBA) monomers was developed which exhibits temperature-responsive behavior. Particle size analysis, along with UV−vis and 1H NMR spectroscopic measurements, showed that aqueous p(dl-HMPMA/nBA) particle dispersions display second-order lower critical solution temperature (II-LCST) in the 27−37 °C range at which the particle size decreases from 81 to 47 nm. When p(dl-HMPMA/nBA) colloidal particles were coalesced to form films, which is facilitated by the lower Tg nBA component that maintains an adequate free volume for temperature-responsive dl-HMPMA segments, coalesced films exhibited 3D directional responsiveness to temperature. While shrinkage occurs in the x−y plane directions (length and width, respectively), expansion in the z direction (thickness) above II-LCST is observed. Computer thermodynamics molecular simulations combined with the experimental data showed that conformational changes of the side chains and the collapse of the p(dl-HMPMA/nBA) copolymer backbone are responsible for directional temperature responsiveness. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that shows selective 3D directional temperature-responsiveness of polymer films. These studies also show that the total free energy (G) of the system increases by 150 kcal/mol which results from the diminishing entropic term above II-LCST which, in addition to polar and hydrogen bonding interactions, contributes to conformational changes near II-LCST.
Urban, M. W.
(2008). 3D Directional Temperature Responsive (N-(DL)-(1-Hydroxymethyl) Propylmethacrylamide-co-n-butyl acrylate) Colloids and their Coalescence. Macromolecules, 41(2), 352-360.
Available at: https://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/12823