Title

Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) Production and Stable Isotope Dynamics In Clear-Water Recirculating Aquaculture Systems Versus Biofloc Systems

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-1-2017

Department

Coastal Sciences, Gulf Coast Research Laboratory

Abstract

Closed recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) offer advantages over traditional culture methods including enhanced biosecurity, the possibility of indoor, inland culture of marine species year-round and potential marketing opportunities for fresh, never-frozen seafood. Questions still remain regarding what type of aquaculture system may be best suited for the closed-system culture of marine shrimp. In this study, shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) were grown in clear-water RAS and in biofloc-based systems. Comparisons were made between the system types with respect to water quality, shrimp production and stable isotope dynamics used to determine the biofloc contribution to shrimp nutrition. Ammonia and nitrite concentrations were higher, and shrimp survival was lower in the biofloc systems. Although stable isotope levels indicated that biofloc material may have contributed 28% of the carbon and 59% of the nitrogen in shrimp tissues, this did not correspond with improved shrimp production. Overall, the water column microbial communities in biofloc systems may be more difficult to manage than clear-water RAS which have external filters to control water quality. Biofloc does seem to offer some nutritional contributions, but exactly how to take advantage of that and ensure improved production remains unclear.

Publication Title

Aquaculture Research

Volume

48

Issue

8

First Page

4390

Last Page

4398

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