Title

Functional Polyisobutylenes Via Electrophilic Cleavage/Alkylation

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-15-2017

Department

Polymers and High Performance Materials

Abstract

Lewis-acid catalyzed degradation of poly(isobutylene-co-isoprene) (butyl rubber) in the presence of an alkoxybenzene compound was studied as a new route toward low molecular weight multifunctional polyisobutylenes. Simultaneous cleavage and functionalization of butyl rubber was conducted at −70 °C and −40 °C under TiCl4 or AlCl3 catalysis in 60/40 hexane/methylene chloride cosolvents in the presence of (3-bromopropoxy)benzene (BPB) for various times up to 24 h. The butyl rubber (EXXON™ Butyl 365) possessed Mn = 1.91 × 105 g/mol, PDI = 1.66 (GPC/MALLS), and 2.30 mol % isoprene units (nearly exclusively trans−1,4). At −70 °C with TiCl4, molecular weight was reduced to various values within the range 7 to 11 × 103 g/mol depending on conditions; lower BPB concentration produced lower molecular weight. However, the ratio of isobutylene repeat units to BPB units (IB/Q) remained constant at about 43:1, which is approximately the same as the ratio of isobutylene to isoprene repeat units (IB/IP) in the starting butyl rubber (42.5:1). At −40 °C with TiCl4, molecular weight was reduced to about 5 × 103 g/mol, and IB/Q was reduced below IB/IP, indicating nearly a difunctional telechelic structure. AlCl3 was a more active catalyst and produced results similar to TiCl4 at −40 °C, even when used at seven times lower concentration. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem. 2017, 55, 1991–1997

Publication Title

Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry

Volume

55

Issue

12

First Page

1991

Last Page

1997

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