Title

Rheological and Crystallization Enhancement in Polyphenylenesulfide and Polyetheretherketone POSS Nanocomposites

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-15-2017

Department

Polymers and High Performance Materials

Abstract

Polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) additives have been shown to increase melt-flow and crystallization in thermoplastics. In this study, the effect of incorporation of trisilanolphenyl-POSS molecules in polyphenylenesulfide (PPS) and polyetheretherketone (PEEK) on rheology, crystallization kinetics, and thermal and mechanical properties was evaluated. Parallel plate rheometry revealed a reduction in the viscosity of PPS and PEEK with the addition of POSS. The magnitude and concentration dependence of rheological modification were shown to depend on the polymer structure and POSS solubility. Isothermal crystallization kinetics were analyzed using the Avrami model and it was found that the addition of POSS accelerated the crystallization rate of PPS blends with no significant effect on PEEK blends. Interestingly, no statistical difference in degradation temperature, tensile modulus, or tensile strength of PPS or PEEK blends was observed. The findings indicate the potential for improvements in melt viscosity and crystallization of high temperature thermoplastics with tailored POSS/polymer interactions. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2017, 134, 44462.

Publication Title

Journal of Applied Polymer Science

Volume

134

Issue

7

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