Title

Universal Power Law Behavior of the AC Conductivity Versus Frequency of Agglomerate Morphologies in Conductive Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced Epoxy Networks

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

10-1-2016

Department

Polymers and High Performance Materials

Abstract

The Jonscher universal power law for ac conductivity versus frequency (f = ω/2π) in the dispersion region was tested for a multiwall carbon nanotube/epoxy nanocomposite. The effect of changes in agglomerate morphology on the fitting parameters A and n in the equation σac = Aωn was investigated. Changing nanotube agglomerate morphology was tracked by optical microscopy through curing. Evolving morphology was compared alongside ac conductivity obtained via a broadband dielectric spectrometer to elucidate possible physical meaning of the universal power law in the context of this system. The −logA/n was unaffected by changes in agglomerate morphology affected during cure, yet connected with each other in their dependence on temperature. For this system, the relationship between the fitting parameters in the universal dynamic response equation remains empirical at this stage with regard to biphasic “texture” or morphology within such a network. Electrical conductivity σ versus frequency ω for a composite consisting of agglomerated multiwalled carbon nanotubes dispersed throughout a cured epoxy matrix was discovered to follow the empirical universal dynamic response equation of Jonscher. The frequency behavior of the exponent n is discussed in terms of underlying morphology throughout which charge carriers migrate. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2016, 54, 1918–1923

Publication Title

Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics

Volume

54

Issue

19

First Page

1918

Last Page

1923

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