Document Type

Article

Publication Date

5-1-2015

Department

Biological Sciences

Abstract

The aim of this study was to inventory the types of plant growth‐promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) present in the rhizosphere of plants grown in soils contaminated with heavy metals, recalcitrant organics, petroleum sewage or salinity in China. We screened 1223 isolates for antifungal activity and about 24% inhibited Rhizoctonia solani or Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Twenty‐four strains inhibitory to R. solani, Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici and/or S. sclerotiorum and representing the dominant morphotypes were assayed for PGPR activity. Seven strains contained phlD, prnD, pltC or phzF genes and produced the antibiotics 2,4‐diacetylphloroglucinol, pyrrolnitrin, pyoluteorin and phenazines respectively. Six strains contained acdS, which encodes 1‐aminocyclopropane‐1‐carboxylic acid deaminase. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rDNA and phlD, phzF and acdS genes demonstrated that some strains identified as Pseudomonas were similar to model PGPR strains Pseudomonas protegens Pf‐5, Pseudomonas chlororaphis subsp. aureofaciens 30–84 and P. brassicacearum Q8r1‐96. Pseudomonas protegens‐ and P. chlororaphis‐like strains had the greatest biocontrol activity against Rhizoctonia root rot and take‐all of wheat. Pseudomonas protegens and P. brassicacearum‐like strains showed the greatest promotion of canola growth. Our results indicate that strains from contaminated soils are similar to well‐described PGPR found in agricultural soils worldwide.

Publication Title

Microbial Technology

Volume

8

Issue

3

First Page

404

Last Page

418

Included in

Biology Commons

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