Title

Assessment of Left Ventricular Contraction Patterns Using Gated SPECT MPI to Predict Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Response

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-12-2017

Department

Computing

Abstract

Background

The U-shaped left ventricular (LV) contraction pattern, identified by MRI or echocardiography, is associated with improved CRT response. Gated SPECT MPI can measure both myocardial viability and mechanical dyssynchrony in a single scan. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship of the LV contraction pattern and the response of CRT in patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB).

Methods Fifty-eight patients who met CRT guidelines and who had pre-CRT MPI were enrolled. Myocardial segments with tracer uptake < 50% of maximum were considered as scar. The LV contraction pattern was considered as U-shaped or non-U-shaped (U-shaped has a block line in the direction of contraction propagation). CRT response was defined as an increase in left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 5% after 6-month follow-up.

Results

Twenty-eight patients (48%) had a U-shaped contraction pattern and thirty patients (52%) had a non-U-shaped contraction pattern. The U-shaped group showed a significantly higher response rate than the non-U-shaped group (90% vs. 57%; P = 0.005). By univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis, the U-shaped pattern was an independent predictor of CRT response.

Conclusion

Non-invasive gated SPECT MPI can characterize LV mechanical contraction patterns. A U-shaped contraction pattern identified is associated with improved CRT response. This may prove useful for improved patient selection for CRT.

Publication Title

Journal of Nuclear Cardiology

First Page

1

Last Page

10

Share

 
COinS