Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Phosphate Glass Matrix Nanocomposites Containing Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane With Improved Properties

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Polymers and High Performance Materials


The preparation and characterization of novel tin fluorophosphate glass (Pglass) matrix nanocomposite materials containing nanoscale trisilanolphenyl polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) prepared via classical glass synthesis was investigated to accelerate efforts to develop novel hybrid Pglass/POSS nanocomposites with enhanced benefits in suitable diverse applications. The glass transition temperatures (Tg) of the obtained nanocomposites ranged from 121.6° to 147.6 °C to an extent that depends on the nano-POSS concentrations (≤ 10 wt% POSS) in the nanocomposites. The obtained scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy results confirmed the homogeneous molecular level dispersion of the POSS cages in the continuous Pglass matrix of the nanocomposite. Chemical reaction (or bonding) between the constituents of the nanocomposites was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The rheological (storage and loss modulus) and nanomechanical (elastic modulus) properties of the nanocomposites significantly improved with increasing nano-POSS concentrations up to 10 wt% POSS. The molecular dispersion of the POSS and its strong physicochemical interaction with the continuous Pglass matrix can be tailored to satisfy requirements of a number of optomechanical applications where the pure glass is not useable.

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Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids



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