Maladaptive Five Factor Model Personality Traits Associated With Borderline Personality Disorder Indirectly Affect Susceptibility to Suicide Ideation Through Increased Anxiety Sensitivity Cognitive Concerns
The current study investigated the relationship between maladaptive Five-Factor Model (FFM) personality traits, anxiety sensitivity cognitive concerns, and suicide ideation in a sample of 131 undergraduate students who were selected based on their scores on a screening questionnaire regarding Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) symptoms. Those who endorsed elevated BPD symptoms in a pre-screen analyses completed at the beginning of each semester were oversampled in comparison to those with low or moderate symptoms. Indirect effect (mediation) results indicated that the maladaptive personality traits of anxious/uncertainty, dysregulated anger, self-disturbance, behavioral dysregulation, dissociative tendencies, distrust, manipulativeness, oppositional, and rashness had indirect effects on suicide ideation through anxiety sensitivity cognitive concerns. All of these personality traits correlated to suicide ideation as well. The maladaptive personality traits of despondence, affective dysregulation, and fragility were positive correlates of suicide ideation and predicted suicide ideation when all traits were entered in one linear regression model, but were not indirectly related through anxiety sensitivity cognitive concerns. The implication for targeting anxiety sensitivity cognitive concerns in evidence-based practicesfor reducing suicide risk in those with BPD is discussed.
Tucker, R. P.,
Lengel, G. J.,
Smith, C. E.,
Mullins-Sweatt, S. N.,
Wingate, L. R.
(2016). Maladaptive Five Factor Model Personality Traits Associated With Borderline Personality Disorder Indirectly Affect Susceptibility to Suicide Ideation Through Increased Anxiety Sensitivity Cognitive Concerns. Psychiatry Research, 246, 432-437.
Available at: https://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/15354