Effects of Resistance-Guided High Intensity Interval Functional Electrical Stimulation Cycling On an Individual With Paraplegia: A Case Report
Background and Purpose: Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) are more than twice as likely to develop and die from cardio-metabolic diseases as compared to able-bodied. This increased risk is thought to be in part due to accelerated muscle atrophy and reduced blood flow through sublesional arteries. Thus, strategies to recondition paralyzed skeletal muscles may help reduce cardio-metabolic disease risk. The purpose of this case report was to examine the impact of a novel, resistance-guided, high intensity interval training functional electrical stimulation (RG-HIIT-FES) cycling program on cardio-metabolic health in people with chronic SCI.
Case Description: One adult female with chronic T10 SCI.
Intervention: A novel RG-HIIT-FES cycling program three times per week for 10 weeks. Measures of body composition and cardio-metabolic health (vascular endothelial function of the brachial artery via flow-mediated dilation) and HbA1c blood values were performed at baseline and following completion of the RG-HIIT-FES program.
Outcomes: Total body lean mass and legs lean mass increased 2.8% and 5.3% respectively while vastus lateralis thickness increased by 59.5%. Reactive hyperemia and flow mediated dilation change in brachial artery diameter increased by 11.1% and 147.7% following the program, respectively. HbA1c level changed minimally (5 to 4.9%).
Discussion: This case report suggests that RG-HIIT-FES cycling was an effective strategy to improve lean mass, and systemic vascular endothelial health in an individual with chronic SCI.
The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Dolbow, D. R.,
(2017). Effects of Resistance-Guided High Intensity Interval Functional Electrical Stimulation Cycling On an Individual With Paraplegia: A Case Report. The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, 41(2), 248-252.
Available at: https://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/15938