Oncogenes and Tumor Suppressor Genes: An Essential Building Block of Cancer
Cancer is a hyperplastic cellular malignancy that affects approximately 1.5 million Americans annualy. Oncogenesis is associated with both genetic predisposition and environmental onslaught, with a mixture of the two being required for the malignancy to progress. An understanding of the underlying genetic inquiries is useful in the research of cancer and its prevention and treatment. This paper wil lpresent a short literature review of the role of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes and their role in the initiation of malignancy.