Glass Transition Phenomenon for Conjugated Polymers

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Polymers and High Performance Materials


Conjugated polymers are emerging as promising building blocks for a broad range of modern applications including skin‐like electronics, wearable optoelectronics, and sensory technologies. In the past three decades, the optical and electronic properties of conjugated polymers have been extensively studied, while their thermomechanical properties, especially the glass transition phenomenon which fundamentally represents the polymer chain dynamics, have received much less attention. Currently, there is a lack of design rules that underpin the glass transition temperature of these semirigid conjugated polymers, putting a constraint on the rational polymer design for flexible stretchable devices and stable polymer glass that is needed for the devices’ long‐term morphology stability. In this review article, the glass transition phenomenon for polymers, glass transition theories, and characterization techniques are first discussed. Then previous studies on the glass transition phenomenon of conjugated polymers are reviewed and a few empirical design rules are proposed to fine‐tune the glass transition temperature for conjugated polymers. The review paper is finished with perspectives on future directions on studying the glass transition phenomena of conjugated polymers. The goal of this perspective is to draw attention to challenges and opportunities of controlling, predicting, and designing polymeric semiconductors, specifically to accommodate their end use.

Publication Title

Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics

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