A New Method to Recommend Left Ventricular Lead Positions for Improved CRT Volumetric Response and Long-Term Prognosis

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Computing Sciences and Computer Engineering


Objectives: Using ECG-gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), we sought to develop and validate a new method to recommend left ventricular (LV) lead positions in order to improve volumetric response and long-term prognosis after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT).

Methods: Seventy-nine patients received gated SPECT MPI at baseline, and echocardiography at baseline and follow-up. The volumetric response referred to a reduction of ≥ 15% in LV end-systolic volume 6 months after CRT. After excluding apical, septal, and scarred segments, there were three levels of recommended segments: (1) the optimal recommendation: the latest contracting viable segment; (2) the 2nd recommendation: the late contracting viable segments whose contraction delays were within 10° of the optimal recommendation; and (3) the 3rd recommendation: the viable segments adjacent to the optimal recommendation when there was no late contracting viable segment.

Results: After excluding 11 patients whose LV lead was placed in apical or scarred segments, 75.6% of the patients concordant to recommended LV segments (n = 41) responded to CRT while 51.9% of those with non-recommended LV lead locations (n = 27) were responders (P = .043). Response rates were 76.9%, 76.9% , and 73.3% (P = .967), respectively, when LV lead was implanted in the optimal recommendation (n = 13), the 2nd recommendation (n = 13), and the 3rd recommendation (n = 15). LV leads placed at recommended segments reduced composite events of all-cause mortality or heart failure (HF) rehospitalization compared with pacing at non-recommended segments (log-rank χ2 = 5.623, P = .018).

Conclusions: Pacing in the recommended LV lead segments identified on gated SPECT MPI was associated with improved volumetric response to CRT and long-term prognosis.

Publication Title

Journal of Nuclear Cardiology

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