Title

Implications of Social Support and Parenting Self-Efficacy for Food Allergy-Related Parenting Practices

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-2016

Department

Psychology

Abstract

Little is known regarding factors that influence parenting behaviors specific to the management of food allergies in elementary school-aged children. The aim of this study was to identify child characteristics and parent psychosocial factors associated with food allergy-related parenting practices. Participants included 182 parents of food allergic children aged between 5 and 11 years recruited from parent support groups. Data were collected using web-based questionnaires. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to identify predictors of food allergy-related parenting practices. Predictor variables examined included child demographic and allergy characteristics, parent perceived social support, and parenting self-efficacy (ie, parental beliefs specific to their ability to influence their child's behavior and development). The interaction between social support and parenting self-efficacy was examined to test for moderation. Having an older child and more social support were associated with significantly less parental monitoring (b=-0.076 and -0.013, P<0.001), but more support for children's self-management of their food intake (b=0.087 and 0.015, P<0.001) and more use of strategies that attempt to teach children how to handle allergic exposures (b=0.290 and 0.028, P<0.05). Higher levels of parenting self-efficacy were associated with more support for children's self-management of food intake (b=0.031, P<0.001). Parenting self-efficacy was not a significant moderator of the effects of social support on parenting practices. Social support and parenting self-efficacy may influence parenting practices in families with food allergic children and merit consideration in psychosocial interventions addressing allergy-related parenting practices.

Publication Title

Pediatric Allergy Immunology and Pulmonology

Volume

29

Issue

2

First Page

74

Last Page

79

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