Designing Alkoxy-Induced Based High Performance Near Infrared Sensitive Small Molecule Acceptors for Organic Solar Cells

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Polymer Science and Engineering


Scientist are dedicated to design and synthesize efficient photovoltaic materials to overcome the energy crises. In this regard, herein, we have designed four new small acceptor molecules namely (A1, A2, A3 and A4) for better performance in organic solar cells. These molecules consist Alkoxy-Induced Naphtho-dithiophene core unit flanked with 2,2-ethylidene-5,6-dicyano-3-oxo-2,3-dihydroinden-1-ylidene-malononitrile (A1), methyl-2-cyano-2,2-ethylidene-5,6-difluoro-3-oxo-2,3-dihydroinden-1-ylidene-acetate (A2), 5,2-ethylidene-5,6-difluoro-3-oxo-2,3-dihydroinden-1-ylidene-3-methyl-2-thioxothiazolidin-4-one (A3) and 2,5-ethylidene-6-oxo-5,6-dihydrocyclopenta-thiophen-4-ylidene-malononitrile (A4) end-capped acceptor groups. Their optical, electrical and geometries have been compared with reported molecule R. Frontier molecular orbital diagram reveal excellent charge transfer rate, The electron density is shifted from donor to acceptor unit. Among all, A1 exhibits the highest absorption in the visible region (λmax) at 798 nm in chloroform solvent. The maximum open circuit voltage (2.08 V) is observed for A3 when blended with PTB7-Th donor polymer. All studied molecules have high charge mobilities due to lower reorganization energy values with respect to model molecule R. A1 has the highest electron mobility among all molecules due to lower value of reorganization energy which is 0.0034. Furthermore, all designed molecules show good Solubilities in organic solvent. A2 exhibit high value of dipole moment which reveal good solubilities in fabrication process.

Publication Title

Journal of Molecular Liquids



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