Ocean Science and Engineering
Internal waves are density oscillations propagating along the ocean’s inner stratification, which are now acknowledged as a key constituent of the ocean’s dynamics. They usually result from barotropic tides, which flow over bottom topography, causing density oscillations to propagate along the pycnocline with a tidal frequency (i.e. internal tides). These large-scale waves propagate away from their forcing bathymetry and frequently disintegrate into nonlinear short-scale (higher-frequency) internal wave packets. Typically, short-scale internal wave observations in the ocean are associated with vertical structures (in the water column) of the lowest fundamental mode. Higher vertical modes have recently been documented as well, but these are commonly short-lived (up to a few hours). However, unprecedented satellite images showing long-lived short-scale mode-2 internal waves have now been documented in the Andaman Sea, and we report here the companion results of a non-hydrostatic and fully nonlinear numerical model. The simulations reproduce the waves’ main characteristics as observed in satellite imagery, and the results suggest a resonant coupling with a larger-scale mode-4 internal tide as an explanation for their long-lived character.
da Silva, J.,
Buijsman, M. C.
(2020). Long Lived Second Mode Internal Solitary Waves In the Andaman Sea. Scientific Reports, 10, 1-10.
Available at: https://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/18099