Transmission Potential of Zika Virus by Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) and Ae. Mediovittatus (Diptera: Culicidae) Populations From Puerto Rico
Biological, Environmental, and Earth Sciences
Recurrence of local transmission of Zika virus in Puerto Rico is a major public health risk to the United States, where mosquitoes Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) and Aedes mediovittatus (Coquillett) are abundant. To determine the extent to which Ae. mediovittatus are capable of transmitting Zika virus and the influence of viremia, we evaluated infection and transmission in Ae. mediovittatus and Ae. aegypti from Puerto Rico using serial dilutions of infectious blood. Higher doses of infectious blood resulted in greater infection rates in both mosquitoes. Aedes aegypti females were up to twice as susceptible to infection than Ae. mediovittatus, indicating a more effective midgut infection barrier in the latter mosquito species. Aedes aegypti exhibited higher disseminated infection (40–95%) than Ae. mediovittatus (Ae. mediovittatus. For Ae. aegypti, transmission rates were low over a range of doses of Zika virus ingested, suggesting substantial salivary gland barriers.
Journal of Medical Entomology
(2021). Transmission Potential of Zika Virus by Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) and Ae. Mediovittatus (Diptera: Culicidae) Populations From Puerto Rico. Journal of Medical Entomology, 58(3).
Available at: https://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/18854