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Marine Science


Ocean Science and Engineering


The geostationary ocean color imager (GOCI), as the world’s first operational geostationary ocean color sensor, is aiming at monitoring short-term and small-scale changes of waters over the northwestern Pacific Ocean. Before assessing its capability of detecting subdiurnal changes of seawater properties, a fundamental understanding of the uncertainties of normalized water-leaving radiance (nLw) products introduced by atmospheric correction algorithms is necessarily required. This paper presents the uncertainties by accessing GOCI-derived nLw products generated by two commonly used operational atmospheric algorithms, the Korea Ocean Satellite Center (KOSC) standard atmospheric algorithm adopted in GOCI Data Processing System (GDPS) and the NASA standard atmospheric algorithm implemented in Sea-Viewing Wide Field-of-View Sensor Data Analysis System (SeaDAS/l2gen package), with Aerosol Robotic Network Ocean Color (AERONET-OC) provided nLw data. The nLw data acquired from the GOCI sensor based on two algorithms and four AERONET-OC sites of Ariake, Ieodo, Socheongcho, and Gageocho from October 2011 to March 2019 were obtained, matched, and analyzed. The GDPS-generated nLw data are slightly better than that with SeaDAS at visible bands; however, the mean percentage relative errors for both algorithms at blue bands are over 30%. The nLw data derived by GDPS is of better quality both in clear and turbid water, although underestimation is observed at near-infrared (NIR) band (865 nm) in turbid water. The nLw data derived by SeaDAS are underestimated in both clear and turbid water, and the underestimation worsens toward short visible bands. Moreover, both algorithms perform better at noon (02 and 03 Universal Time Coordinated (UTC)), and worse in the early morning and late afternoon. It is speculated that the uncertainties in nLw measurements arose from aerosol models, NIR water-leaving radiance correction method, and bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) correction method in corresponding atmospheric correction procedure.

Publication Title

Remote Sensing





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