Title

Similarities In Expression of Territorial Aggression In Breeding Pairs of Northern Cardinals, Cardinalis cardinalis

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

9-1-2020

Department

Biological Sciences

School

Biological, Environmental, and Earth Sciences

Abstract

Avian pairs that defend resources year-round may demonstrate similar territorial behavior. We examined male and female responses of northern cardinal pairs to male simulated territorial intrusions. Pair members demonstrated comparable responses towards a male ‘intruder’, as latency to respond and proximity scores were very similar between pair members in the majority of pairs examined. Similarity in territorial behavior could be important in cardinal pairs for maintaining year-round resources.

Publication Title

Journal of Ethology

Volume

38

Issue

3

First Page

377

Last Page

382

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