Surface Capping Layer Prepared From the Bulky Tetradodecylammonium Bromide As an Efficient Perovskite Passivation Layer For High-Performance Perovskite Solar Cells

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Polymer Science and Engineering


The power conversion efficiency (PCE) of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) has increased and levels with silicon solar cells; however, their commercialization has not yet been realized because of their poor long-term stability. One of the primary causes of the instability of PSC devices is the large concentration of defects in the polycrystalline perovskite film. Such defects limit the device performance besides triggering hysteresis and device instability. In this study, tetradodecylammonium bromide (TDDAB) was used as a postsurface modifier to suppress the density of defects from the mixed perovskite film (CsFAMA). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analyses validated that TDDAB binds to the mixed perovskite through hydrogen bonding. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) and two-dimensional grazing incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering (2D GIWAXS) study uncovered that the TDDAB modification formed a capping layer of (TDDA)2PbI1.66Br2.34 on the surface of the three-dimensional (3D) perovskite. The single charge transport device prepared from the TDDAB-modified perovskite film revealed that both the electron and hole defects were considerably repressed due to the modification. Consequently, the modified device displayed a champion PCE of 21.33%. The TDDAB surface treatment not only enhances the PCE but the bulky cation of the TDDAB also forms a hydrophobic capping surface (water contact angle of 93.39°) and safeguards the underlayer perovskite from moisture. As a result, the modified PSC has exhibited almost no performance loss after 30 days in air (RH ≈ 40%).

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ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces





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