Socio-Economic Workplace Experience For Wage Earners By Ethnicity and Gender

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Interdisciplinary Studies and Professional Development


The focus of this paper is to evaluate similarities and differences of workplace settings between and within ethnicity and gender samples of wage earners. Twenty-seven variables broadly classified by tenur, education, family background, type of employment (craft, service production), and working environment are employed for this purpose. For each of the 27 variables, the null hypothesis is that the means of workplace settings y ethnic classification (black, white, Latin) and gender classification (male, female) are equal against an alternative hypothesis that at least one of the member group differs. The method employed for this purpose is one-way analysis of variance. In each of the classifications, samples were divided to reflect the level of ability (high achievement, low achievement) as well as the full sample. Furthermore, the full samples are employed to find whether differences between genders exist for the 27 variables. The results indicate that, though wage gapys by ethnicity and gender persist, the workplace settings are characterized by diversity. A plausible reason for diversity is the effect of affirmative action to eliminate what is described as ability misperception by employers who may perceive minorities to lack skills.

Publication Title

Journal of the Southwestern Society of Economists



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