The Impact of Security Concentration On Adverse Selection Costs and Liquidity: An Examination of Exchange Traded Funds
We examine the determinants of liquidity and adverse selection costs in a sample of basket securities. Using Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs), we find evidence that adverse selection costs are decreasing in the number of equities held in the underlying portfolio, but adverse selection costs do not increase as the concentration among the securities increases. We find no evidence that industry concentration increases basket security adverse selection costs or reduces liquidity. We also document significantly lower levels of adverse selection costs in ETFs versus a matched sample of equities. In addition, ETFs have quoted dollar depth that is 35 times larger than a matched sample of equities, but ETFs also have higher effective and quoted spreads. However, when considering spreads and depth in a single metric, ETFs have significantly higher levels of liquidity.
Journal of Economics and Finance
(2012). The Impact of Security Concentration On Adverse Selection Costs and Liquidity: An Examination of Exchange Traded Funds. Journal of Economics and Finance, 36(2), 261-281.
Available at: https://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/21499