Polymer Sorbent Design for the Direct Air Capture of CO2

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Polymer Science and Engineering


Anthropogenic activities have resulted in enormous increases in atmospheric CO2 concentrations particularly since the onset of the Industrial Revolution, which have potential links with increased global temperatures, rising sea levels, increased prevalence, and severity of natural disasters, among other consequences. To enable a carbon-neutral and sustainable society, various technologies have been developed for CO2 capture from industrial process streams as well as directly from air. Here, direct air capture (DAC) represents an essential need for reducing CO2 concentration in the atmosphere to mitigate the negative consequences of greenhouse effects, involving systems that can reversibly adsorb and release CO2, in which polymers have played an integral role. This work provides insights into the development of polymer sorbents for DAC of CO2, specifically from the perspective of material design principles. We discuss how physical properties and chemical identities of amine-containing polymers can impact their ability to uptake CO2, as well as be efficiently regenerated. Additionally, polymers which use ionic interactions to react with CO2 molecules, such as poly(ionic liquids), are also common DAC sorbent materials. Finally, a perspective is provided on the future research and technology opportunities of developing polymer-derived sorbents for DAC.

Publication Title

ACS Applied Polymer Materials

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