Barter's Role In the Money-Income Relationship
Finance, Real Estate, and Business Law
This paper deals with a reassessment of the money-income relation and predictability of changes in GDP with innovations in money in the presence of barter. Organized barter as a method of transaction, through barter exchanges, has been growing rapidly in the US economy. With the introduction of computers and the use of a credit system which allows non-simultaneous transactions, barter exchanges have found new opportunities to offer an alternative to monetary transactions. Analysis of data from the 1974-96 period provides some evidence suggesting that inclusion of barter in the output function improves the marginal predictability of money.
Pacific Economic Review
Smyth, D. J.
(2006). Barter's Role In the Money-Income Relationship. Pacific Economic Review, 11(3), 395-408.
Available at: https://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/2218