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Mathematics and Natural Sciences


Stochastic Bernstein (SB) approximation can tackle the problem of baseline drift correction of instrumentation data. This is demonstrated for spectral data: matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF) data. Two SB schemes for removing the baseline drift are presented: iterative and direct. Following an explanation of the origin of the MALDI-TOF baseline drift that sheds light on the inherent difficulty of its removal by chemical means, SB baseline drift removal is illustrated for both proteomics and genomics MALDI-TOF data sets. SB is an elegant signal processing method to obtain a numerically straightforward baseline shift removal method as it includes a free parameter sigma(x) that can be optimized for different baseline drift removal applications. Therefore, research that determines putative biomarkers from the spectral data might benefit from a sensitivity analysis to the underlying spectral measurement that is made possible by varying the SB free parameter. This can be manually tuned ( for constant sigma) or tuned with evolutionary computation ( for sigma( x)). Copyright (C) 2006 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. All rights reserved.


Published by EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing at 10.1155/asp/2006/63582.

Publication Title

Eurasip Journal On Applied Signal Processing

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