White Racial Identity and White Racial Consciousness: Similarities, Differences, and Recommendations
To dispel apparent confusion, White racial identity and White racial consciousness are described and contrasted in terms of theoretical conceptualization and measures used. It is recommended that priority be given to the validation of existing or new measurement instruments to provide a sound basis for future findings.
Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development
Leach, M. M.,
Behrens, J. T.,
LaFleur, N. K.
(2002). White Racial Identity and White Racial Consciousness: Similarities, Differences, and Recommendations. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 30(2), 66-80.
Available at: https://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/3643