An optimization approach is derived for assimilating tidal height information along the open boundaries of a numerical model. The approach is then extended so that similar data along transects inside a model domain can also be optimally assimilated. To test the application of such an optimized methodology, M-2 tidal simulations were conducted with a numerical ocean model of the Yellow Sea, an area with a strong tidal influence. The use of the optimized open boundary conditions and internal data assimilation leads to a significant improvement of the predictive skill of the model. Average errors can be reduced by up to 75% when compared to nonoptimized boundary conditions.
Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
Lewis, J. K.,
Blumberg, A. F.,
Kim, B. N.
(1998). Optimized Boundary Conditions and Data Assimilation with Application to the M-2 Tide in the Yellow Sea. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 15(4), 1066-1071.
Available at: https://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/5028