Using Programs to Solve Problems: Imitation versus Insight
Dolphins exhibit both action-level imitation (ALI) and program-level imitation (PLI). Dolphins may use ALI primarily for social cohesion, whereas PLI seems more likely to occur in goal-directed, problem-solving contexts. Both PLI and insightful problem solving require a recognition of the functional relations between actions and outcomes. Insightful problem solving, however, involves the creation of a program in the absence of a model, and therefore requires a higher order appreciation and application of the relations between actions and outcomes.
Behavioral and Brain Sciences
Kuczaj, S. A.,
Gory, J. D.,
Xitco, M. J.
(1998). Using Programs to Solve Problems: Imitation versus Insight. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 21(5), 695-+.
Available at: https://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/5149