Water Soluble Polymers .70. Effects of Methylene versus Propylene Spacers in the pH and Electrolyte Responsiveness of Zwitterionic Copolymers Incorporating Carboxybetaine Monomers

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Polymers and High Performance Materials


Water soluble polyzwitterions have been synthesized by free radical copolymerization of acrylamide with the novel carboxybetaine monomer, 2-(2-acrylamido-2-methylpropyldimethylammonio) ethanoate (AMPDAE). Feed ratios of 10 to 100 mol% AMPDAE were employed to give the polyzwitterion series, DAEAM. Copolymer compositions of low conversion samples were determined from C-13 n.m.r. by integration of the carbonyl resonances. Reactivity ratios were determined yielding an r(1)r(2) value of 0.6. Molecular weights range from 6.3 to 10.4 x 10(6) g mol(-1) as determined by low angle laser light scattering. Dilute solution properties of the copolymers have been studied as a function of added electrolytes and pH. Intrinsic viscosity behaviour in NaCl solutions is dependent on the mol% of AMPDAE incorporated into the copolymers. Reduced viscosities were also examined as a function of the nature of added electrolytes, displaying higher viscosity values in accord with the Hoffmiester lyotropic series. The copolymers exhibit an enhancement in viscosity as pH is lowered due to protonation of the carboxylate groups which renders the polymer coil cationic due to the presence of quaternary ammonium groups. The solution behaviour of the copolymer containing 25 mol% AMPDAE, which possesses one methylene unit between the quaternary ammonium group and the carboxylate group, is compared to that of a copolymer containing 25 mol% 4-(2-acrylamido-2-methylpropyldimethylammonio) butanoate, which possesses three methylene units between the charged centres. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd.

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