Solid-State NMR Characterization of Copolymers of Nylon 11 and Nylon 12

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Polymers and High Performance Materials


Solid-state C-13 and N-15 NMR spectroscopy, in conjunction with differential scanning calorimetry, wide-angle X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopy, were used to characterize a series of nylon 11 and 12 copolymers with mole percentages of nylon 12 monomer of 0, 15, 35, 50, 65, 85, and 100%. Monotonic melting point (T-m) and heat of fusion depressions were observed for the copolymer series with the 65 mol% nylon 12 copolymer having the lowest apparent crystallinity and T-m at 148 degrees C. Solid-state N-15 NMR spectra showed a smooth shift of the main peak position for the as-prepared copolymers from 84 ppm for the alpha-form of pure nylon 11 to 89 ppm for the gamma-form of pure nylon 12. Similar behavior was seen for FTIR amide V and VI modes which are also sensitive to the alpha- and gamma-crystal forms. C-13 NMR T-l measurements showed that the overall most mobile sample was the 65:35 copolymer. The amide group of the 1:1 copolymer is was labelled using N-15-labelled amino acids available through the Gabriel synthesis; an annealed, solution-cast film of this sample showed a T-1N value of 349 s, similar to values seen for annealed nylon 11 and nylon 12 homopolymers. The WAXS pattern for the 65 mol% nylon 12 sample showed a sharp peak at 2 theta = 21.3, overlapping a broad peak centered at 2 theta = 21.0. These are consistent with the values seen for gamma-form nylon 12. The 1:1 copolymer (N-15 labelled) was shown to be polymorphic, like the homopolymers after specific treatments, with a gamma-like phase formed upon solvent casting, and alpha-like phase dominating for as-polymerized material and precipitated flakes. (C) 1997 Published by Elsevier Science B.V.

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Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance





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