Î³-Glutamyltranspeptidase-Catalysed Acyl-Transfer to the Added Acceptor Does Not Proceed via the Ping-Pong Mechanism
Chemistry and Biochemistry
Acyl-transfer catalysed by gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase from bovine kidney was studied using gamma-L- and gamma-D-Glu-p-nitroanilide as the donor and GlyGly as the acceptor. The transfer of the gamma-Glu group to GlyGly was shown to be accompanied by transfer of the gamma-Glu group to water (hydrolysis). The results were compared with acyl-transfer catalysed by the representative serine protease, alpha-chymotrypsin. The main difference between the kinetic mechanism of the acyl-transfer reactions catalysed by these enzymes, which contain an active-site serine and form an acyl-enzyme intermediate but belong to different enzyme classes, was found to consist in the role of the enzyme-donor-acceptor complex. This complex is not formed at any acceptor concentrations in the acyl-transfer reactions catalysed by the serine proteases. In contrast, in the gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase-catalysed acyl-transfer the pathway going through the ternary enzyme-donor-acceptor complex formed from the enzyme-acceptor complex becomes the main pathway of the transfer reaction even at moderate acceptor concentrations. As a result, gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase catalysis follows a sequential mechanism with random equilibrium addition of the substrates and ordered release of the products. The second distinction concerns the inhibitory effect of the acceptor. In the case of alpha-chymotrypsin this was the result of true inhibition, i.e. a dead-end formation of the enzyme-acceptor complex. A salt effect caused by the acceptor was the rationale of a similar effect observed in acyl-transfer catalysed by gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase.
Bateman, R. C.
(1994). Î³-Glutamyltranspeptidase-Catalysed Acyl-Transfer to the Added Acceptor Does Not Proceed via the Ping-Pong Mechanism. Biochemical Journal, 304, 869-876.
Available at: https://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/6620