Questionnaires regarding publication ethics were circulated Survey cards were returned by 89 psychology interns, 56 university faculty, 33 medical school faculty, and 44 American and Canadian licensing boards. Our 178 respondents reported a total of 254 ethical problems, but only 7 complaints were made to licensing boards representing 52,460 psychologists. Of the interns, 8.5% said they were not advised of publication guidelines, and 84.3% did not report actual or suspected violations to anyone. Reasons given for not reporting (by both interns and faculty) were categorized as: Unaware of Ethical Guidelines (8%), Ethical Gray Area (20%), Too Much Trouble (8%), Relationship Concerns (8%), Fear of Reprisal (29%), Resolved Internally (12%), and Confronted Directly (16%). Also discussed are issues of power versus powerlessness, training, and vagueness of the ethical guidelines.
Journal of Social Behavior and Personality
(1993). Publication Ethics. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 8(4), 557-566.
Available at: https://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/6708