Date of Award


Degree Type

Honors College Thesis

Academic Program

Criminal Justice BA


Criminal Justice

First Advisor

Laura Gulledge, Ph.D.

Advisor Department

Criminal Justice


In recent years, an interest in focus of research addressing school safety and security has increased; however, this literature lacks a cohesive theoretical perspective for addressing solutions to school crime and violence. The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review of the literature on school safety and security. Then, analyze this literature in light of the situational crime prevention perspective. A literature search using Web of Science yielded 45 eligible studies. Results indicated that each of the 45 articles could be organized into one of the five mechanisms of Situational Crime Prevention: increasing effort, increasing risk, removing excuses, reducing provocations, and reducing rewards. The results of the current study indicate that the application of Situational Crime Prevention is important to consider for future studies involving school safety and security measures in schools to prevent crime and violence.