Date of Award

Fall 12-2023

Degree Type

Masters Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



Committee Chair

Zachary LaBrot

Committee Chair School


Committee Member 2

Emily DeFouw

Committee Member 2 School


Committee Member 3

Brad Dufrene

Committee Member 3 School



From the principles of reinforcement and punishment established by operant conditioning, there have been a variety of different behavior modification methods explored. Group contingencies are one of these behavior modification procedures that can be applied at a class-wide level by teachers who are seeking to improve student behavior as a group or individually. The three types of group contingencies are independent, interdependent, and dependent group contingency. Additional components, such as randomization within a group contingency, have been seen to further the effectiveness of behavioral strategies. A novel independent group contingency that has recently been investigated and demonstrated some promise as a classroom intervention is The Classroom Password. Following the implementation of The Classroom Password intervention with randomization components, student behavior on a class-wide and individual target student level demonstrated an increase in academically engaged behavior (AEB) and a decrease in disruptive behavior (DB) and passive off-task behavior (POT).