Date of Award


Degree Type

Masters Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Social Science and Global Studies

Committee Chair

Iliyan Iliev

Committee Chair School

Social Science and Global Studies

Committee Member 2

Marek Steedman

Committee Member 2 School

Social Science and Global Studies

Committee Member 3

Joseph Weinberg

Committee Member 3 School

Social Science and Global Studies


In this paper, I examine female homicide and its relation with Turkey and Bulgaria’s political and economic development and social structure. Turkey and Bulgaria are two countries sharing a border and many similarities with regard to politics, economics, and culture. These two countries have historically engaged since the 14th -15th centuries. Geographical closeness, living together during the Ottoman Empire, and sharing a common heritage and culture bound these two countries. Besides, they have politically similar patterns. Both are Republics and democracies, yet currently are struggling with democratic deficiency. Since I compare fairly similar countries and treat each country as a distinct object of the study, the findings tell more about the degree of similarities and differences in the femicide numbers. I investigate the contributing factors behind violence against women in two since 2001, using a novel quantitative dataset compiled from international sources. Both countries are categorized as having deficiencies in democracy, yet Bulgaria is assorted with a low level of religiosity compared to Turkey. I argue that high levels of democratic values and low religiosity are likely to facilitate women’s rights and less femicide. The analysis focuses on these political, economic, and cultural similarities and differences to compare their influences on femicide in Bulgaria and Turkey.

Keywords Bulgaria* Turkey* Democratization* Religiosity* Women’s Rights

Available for download on Thursday, December 31, 2026