Date of Award

Fall 12-2011

Degree Type

Masters Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



Committee Chair

Brad A. Dufrene

Committee Chair Department


Committee Member 2

Joe Olmi

Committee Member 2 Department


Committee Member 3

Heather E. Sterling

Committee Member 3 Department



Previous studies have largely evaluated the effects of check in/ check out (CICO) using office discipline referrals (ODRs). However, ODRs are not always reliable measures of student behavior, and direct observation is known to be an accurate tool for behavioral measurement. Due to this, the current study used direct observations to evaluate the effects of CICO on levels of problem behavior and academic engagement for a group of elementary school students. One second, one fourth, and one sixth grade student served as participants. Results indicate CICO is effective in decreasing problem behavior and increasing academic engagement. Data from teacher ratings of appropriate behavior and direct observations of academic engagement were analyzed using a Spearman’s rank correlation. A moderate correlation between teacher ratings and direct observation was found, indicating teacher ratings may be a reliable indicator of student academic engagement.

Doctoral dissertation: