Direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic testing, which evolved from genomics is not free from controversies and ethical dilemmas. Conduction of genetic testing without direct communication between the users and certified medical professionals has aroused many ethical concerns. We discuss some ethical dilemmas surrounding DTC genetic testing in terms of quality assurance of the test, information communication process of the result, confidentiality of test result and the right to privacy, cost and price regulations, and user safety and harm mitigation. DTC genetic testing lies in the middle of a clash between liberal trade policies and state’s regulations as a case of extreme paternalism. However, priority should be given to prevent any undesirable consequences to the users with proper regulations.



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