Numerous public health hurdles, including pandemics such as COVID-19, have led to concerns about community health practices in relation, necessitating the application of an ethical perspective. International research ethics guidelines are only used in a restricted range of contexts of public health. As a result, a variety of frameworks have been established to assist ethical analysis of public health concerns. In this study, we have used the Nancy Kass framework for analyzing COVID-19 surveillance in Karnataka state of India, which is a six-step approach that can assist public health practitioners in evaluating the ethical consequences of interventions, policy initiatives, services, and so on. In order to supervise the compliance of home quarantine, the government of Karnataka mandated uploading selfies as a digital tracking surveillance measure for the COVID-19 outbreak. However, these measures raised several ethical questions, especially related to an individual’s privacy, confidentiality, autonomy, and liberty. An established state surveillance mechanism with includes enforced measures for data security along with the moral duty of an individual to protect the health of the community can probably balance the principles of ethics.