Madagascar, an island nation in Africa, is mired in poverty; approximately 76.5% of its population lives below the national poverty line of less than $1 per day. Instances of extreme poverty cannot be explained by single dimension, clearly delineated, universally applicable causes and solutions; rather, extreme poverty must be analyzed as a multi-dimensional phenomenon created and perpetuated by conditions specific to individual societies and communities. To speak broadly of poverty and its causes fails to provide an accurate depiction of why a country is poor. The extreme impoverishment found in Madagascar is the result of cumulative conditions specific to the country, none of which can be fully ascertained without first examining factors relevant to Madagascar and its poverty; these factors are its geography and climate, its population and quality of life, its economy and political structure, as well as its history. It is only through this understanding that workable solutions to the challenges facing Madagascar can be established.
"The Impoverished Island: Development Intervention in Madagascar,"
The Catalyst: Vol. 2
, Article 7.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/southernmisscatalyst/vol2/iss1/7