Date of Award

Spring 2019

Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



Committee Chair

Lilian Hill

Committee Chair School


Committee Member 2

Kyna Shelley

Committee Member 2 School


Committee Member 3

David Lee

Committee Member 3 School


Committee Member 4

Mark Malone

Committee Member 4 School



Middle school teachers have a difficult task of finding new and creative ways to help their students achieve academic success. Research has shown that integrating music into regular academic classes has tremendous results. Music has the ability to help students relax, memorize, and engage, using their whole brains. Self-efficacy is an individuals’ belief in their ability. One’s level of self-efficacy can play a major role in one’s motivation to carry out certain tasks.

Despite that music has many benefits in the classroom, it if is not being used, the students will not benefit from it. Low musical self-efficacy could be the reason teachers are choosing not to integrate music in their classrooms. Musical self-efficacy can be changed with the help of musical training and the encouragement from school administrators

The study sought to analyze the relationship between music integration and musical self-efficacy among middle school teachers across the United States. An electronic survey was distributed electronically via social media websites. Among the 150 participants, a positive correlation was shown between the two variables.

School administrators are encouraged to find ways to train middle school teachers on using music so that they may have a higher level of confidence in their abilities to use music in their academic instruction. Middle school teachers are encouraged to seek out new and fun ways that music can be used to help their students.