Alternate Title

Survival of the Oyster Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin) in the Laboratory Under the Effects of Oil Drilling Fluids Spilled in the Laguna de Tamiahua, Mexico

Document Type



In 1965, 970.12 m3 of oil drilling fluid were spilled in the Laguna de Tamiahua, Mexico. Laboratory experiments were carried out to determine possible effects of this upon the oyster Crassostrea virginica. It was found that drilling fluid reduced the survival of oysters to a significant degree in concentrations above 200 ppm. At turbidities between 200 and 500 ppm, there was 50% survival on the seventh day. Tanino in concentrations between 90 and 170 ppm had a drastic effect upon survival which was 50% between the fourth and fifth days. Bentonita in 110 to 190 ppm resulted in 50% survival on the eighth day. Barita in concentrations between 50 and 65 ppm did not produce noxious effects on the survival of the oysters. Natural mud in concentrations from 200 to 500 ppm was favorable for the survival of oysters.

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