Alternate Title

A Miocene Nannofossil Biostratigraphic Case Study: Alaminos Canyon Block 627 and Mississippi Canyon Block 555, and Sedimentation Rates in the Gulf of Mexico

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The Miocene sediments of 2 deep—water boreholes from the northern Gulf of Mexico, from Alaminos Canyon (AC) Block 627 and Mississippi Canyon (MC) Block 555, have been biostratigraphically analyzed using calcareous nannofossils, revealing changes in sedimentation rates and depositional environments between these 2 areas. High nannofossil abundance values and low sedimentation rates generally recorded in the Alaminos Canyon region suggest a condensed section during much of the Miocene, associated with a basinal environment. Mississippi Canyon exhibits lower nannofossil abundance and higher sedimentation rates compared to Alaminos Canyon during the majority of the Miocene. Increased sediment volumes are largely attributed to input from the Mississippi River. Sedimentation rate was calculated for both sites. In the AC Block 627 borehole, sedimentation rate ranged from 13 to 107 m/million years (my), and in the MC Block 555 borehole, it varied from 11 to 914 m/my. One major anomaly was a low observed sedimentation rate in the lowest portion of the section at MC Block 555, in the interval defined between the extinctions of Triquetrorhabdulus carinatus and Dictyococcites bisectus. This may reflect a hiatus or possible fault which has shortened the section.

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Artificial Intelligence (AI) Use Statement

No artificial intelligence (AI) was used in the preparation of this manuscript