Ke Zhang


With the increasing applications of online learning at all levels in training and education in Chinese-speaking countries and regions, together with the diversity of online learners in terms of age, background, and learning style, educators are faced with a critical challenge: how to design and implement online learning experiences to meet the varied needs of highly diverse online learners. This article introduces a highly practical, easy-to-apply model, the R2D2 model (Bonk & Zhang, 2006, 2008) to the Chinese readers in particular, for the creation of diverse online learning activities. R2D2 (Read, Reflect, Display, and Do), is a new model particularly for online instructions. Focusing on online learners’ different needs and preferences, this model suggests various learning activities in the above-mentioned four categories, to achieve knowledge acquisition, knowledge construction, knowledge display, knowledge application and knowledge transfer. The R2D2 model may also apply to the design and implementation of project based or problem based learning (PBL) (Bonk & Zhang, 2008). This model is also one means to strategically select and integrate various emerging learning technologies to promote online learning for diverse learners.