With the rapid advancement of technology, digital competence has become a crucial aspect of professional development for educators. This article reviews relevant literature and summarizes the connotation, framework, and development strategies of teacher digital literacy in different countries. The aim is to promote the professional growth of teachers in the digital age, encouraging each educator to continually strive for “Excellence in teaching”. Furthermore, this research seeks to identify digital literacy development strategies and practices for various types of teachers.

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This article derives from the outcome of Diao Junfeng’s Hainan Province Higher Education Teaching Reform Research Project, “Research on Digital Transformation of Teaching Ability of University Teachers in Free Trade Port” (Hnjg2023ZD-17).